Drug & Alcohol Addiction Rehab, Treatment & Recovery Resources in Maine
Nearly 300,000 Mainers – 22.03% of the population – use illegal drugs and another 65,000 – 4.86% of the population – abuse alcohol in a given year. As a consequence, 13.8% of all deaths in Maine between 2008 and 2017 were caused by drugs and alcohol, a full percentage point above the national average for drug- and alcohol-induced deaths. Among the three most populous cities in Maine, Bangor had the highest rate of drug- and alcohol-related deaths during that time period at 15.51%, while Portland had the lowest rate at 12.42%.
This guide was created to help the many residents of Maine who are struggling with substance abuse addiction to find affordable treatment that will put them on the path to recovery. It is also intended to inform the general public about the dangers of substance abuse in Maine.
If you need help finding a rehabilitation center in Maine, you can use our directory to locate low-cost, quality treatment right away. Read on to find instructions for using the directory and to learn which rehabilitation centers qualify as the highest-rated, low-cost facilities in the state.
Table of Contents
I. Getting Help
Drug & Alcohol Addiction Rehab, Treatment & Recovery Resources in Maine
If the cost of rehab is a barrier for you – as it is for many – and you don’t have insurance, there are still ways for you to receive help. According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration (SAMHSA), there are 154 substance abuse treatment centers in the state of Maine. Of those 154 centers, Pen Bay Medical Center Psychiatric and Addiction Recovery Center in Rockport received the highest overall score based on our five core metrics.
Pen Bay Medical Center’s Psychiatric and Addiction Recovery Center received an overall score of 6.5 points out of 10 possible points, earning the top score in our rankings. The center, located in Rockport, offers substance abuse rehabilitation and detoxification services on an inpatient basis, and it received a perfect score in this category due in large part to its wide offerings of medication-assisted treatment. The center also received full points for its comprehensive selection of ancillary services, such as housing services, nicotine replacement therapy, screening for mental health disorders, STD testing, and many more. Conversely, it received zero points for its dearth of special programs designed for unique demographics. However, it does offer services for deaf and hard of hearing individuals.
The Caribou Outpatient Services location of Aroostook Mental Health Center received an overall score of 6.1 points out of 10 points. The facility offers outpatient services to residents of northern Maine, including medication-assisted treatment and detoxification, although it does not use medication to treat patients who are addicted to opioids. One of the center’s best features is its extensive ancillary services, such as housing and transportation assistance, social skills development, mental health assessments, individual/group/marital/family counseling, and many more. The center’s biggest weakness is its lack of special programs for unique populations, as it only offers specialized treatment for individuals with co-occurring mental health disorders.
With an overall score of 5.9 out of 10 points, Penobscot Community Health Care’s Winterport Community Health Center received the third spot in our rankings. The center offers outpatient substance abuse rehabilitation services, including medication-assisted treatment, to adults and young adults. Its biggest strength is its wealth of ancillary services, from HIV/AIDS education and support to social services assistance to aftercare services, among many more. The facility’s biggest weakness is its limited number of programs designed for special populations; however, it does offer programs for individuals with co-occurring mental health disorders, as well as patients who have experienced trauma, sexual abuse, and domestic violence.
Rehabilitation Services Provided: 6.68
Treatment Approaches: 5.55
Special Programs for Unique Demographics: 3.32
Ancillary Services: 8.17
Highest-Rated, Low-Cost Treatment Centers in Maine
1 Edgemont Drive Presque Isle, ME 04769 Main Tel: 207-764-3319
Finding a Substance Abuse Treatment Center in Maine
Start by contacting an Alliance Maine treatment facilityStart by contacting your referral center
In Maine, the first step is to contact the Alliance Maine treatment facility in your region. These facilities are members of the Alliance for Addiction and Mental Health Services in Maine. To find the contact information for the treatment facility in your area, visit the Alliance Maine website.
The purpose of these regional treatment facilities is to determine what type of help each individual needs, as well as the resources available for each individual. The treatment facility is also the first point of contact for anyone who may need assistance paying for treatment. To learn if you qualify for low-income Medicaid services, and to determine eligibility, visit the Maine DHHS MaineCare information page.
Use our database to find a treatment center near you
The tool below lists all of the treatment centers in the state of Maine recognized by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Input your zip code and select the filter icon to find relevant treatment centers near you.
Many different methods are available for treating addiction, and the science of studying addiction is constantly improving and changing. However, the core pieces of rehabilitation are generally very similar.
Substance use disorder and PTSD go hand-in-hand for many veterans
Veterans face unique challenges that can place them at higher risk for a substance use disorder (SUD) than the general population. The primary factor leading to this increased risk is post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), while other situations, such as unemployment, homelessness and chronic pain, can also be contributing factors. Furthermore, individuals – including veterans – with a substance use disorder are more likely to develop PTSD, so the problem is cyclical in nature.
1 in 3
veterans seeking treatment for a SUD also has PTSD
1 in 4
veterans with PTSD also has a SUD
According to the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs’ National Center for PTSD, as of early 2019, nearly one of every three veterans who seeks treatment for a substance use disorder also has a PTSD diagnosis. Similarly, over one in four veterans who has received a diagnosis of PTSD is also struggling with a substance use disorder. Furthermore, for veterans of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, one in 10 of those individuals who visits a VA health care facility has a substance use disorder.
However, there is hope for veterans suffering from a substance use disorder, as they have access to additional resources for treatment for a SUD or co-occurring SUD and PTSD, and VA benefits often cover the cost of this treatment. To find help with substance abuse treatment from the VA healthcare system, follow these steps:
Enroll: If you aren’t already enrolled, you can check if you are eligible for VA health benefits and then complete the application. You can also research the Department of Veterans Affairs Alcohol and Drug Dependence Rehabilitation Program. This program is available in VA medical centers and outpatient clinics around the United States and provides a variety of treatment options, such as rehabilitation, detoxification, and psychiatric services, for veterans addicted to drugs and alcohol. Keep in mind that you must already be enrolled in the VA healthcare system to be considered for the program.
Discover: Find out whether your local VA medical center provides substance use disorder (SUD) treatment by calling or visiting the center. If you don’t know where the closest VA medical center is located, call the VA hotline at 800-827-1000 to find out or click here for a comprehensive search of VA locations around the United States.
Find Treatment: Veterans in Maine can reach out to their local VA medical center to search for information on substance abuse treatment, including the possibility of a VA-based substance use disorder (SUD) program, in their state. Additionally, they can locate information regarding substance abuse treatment services at the VA Maine Healthcare System website.
Treatment is available for veterans in Maine who are suffering from a substance use disorder. As of 2017, 34 substance abuse treatment facilities in Maine – representing 17.1% of all treatment facilities – catered specifically to veterans.
Adolescents in Maine use marijuana and alcohol at rates higher than the national average
of adolescents aged 12-17 used marijuana, 2014-2017
of adolescents aged 12-17 drank alcohol, 2014-2017
Between 2014 and 2017, 9.3% of adolescents aged 12-17 in Maine reported engaging in marijuana use in the past month, more than two full percentage points above the national average of 6.8%. In terms of alcohol use, 11.4% of adolescents aged 12-17 in Maine had taken part in the behavior in the past month, over one percentage point higher than the national average of 10.1%. Additionally, 3.2% of individuals admitted to a substance abuse treatment program in Maine in 2017 were aged 12-17. To overcome the challenges that youth face in overcoming substance addiction, some treatment centers provide adolescent-specific treatment programs.
Additional Resources for Parents and Teachers
The Maine Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) has coordinated with the numerous treatment facilities across the state to assure quality care. Many of these facilities work with both youth and adults in a particular region to prevent substance abuse, as well as offer resources to families in that region. To find a treatment center near you, take a look at the DHHS listing. You can also learn about substance abuse treatment and recovery services for youth through the Student Intervention Reintegration Program (SIRP), a DHHS-funded program for at-risk teens that aims to prevent and intervene in youth substance abuse.
Co-Occurring Mental Health & Substance Abuse Treatment
Substance abuse and mental health issues tend to go hand-in-hand – the technical term is “co-occurring substance use and mental health disorders.” The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) reported that, in 2017, 45.6% of adults with a substance use disorder also had a mental health disorder, and 18.3% of adults with a mental health disorder also had a substance use disorder. For adolescents in 2017, 35.9% of those with a substance use disorder also had a major depressive episode, while 10.7% of adolescents with a major depressive episode also had a substance use disorder.
Mental Health Resources & Treatment
If you or someone you love is suffering from mental health issues, such as depression, PTSD, eating disorders, or severe anxiety, there are many resources from which to receive help.
Below are a few ways to receive immediate assistance, as advised by MentalHealth.gov:
Emergency Services: If your life (or someone else’s life) is in danger, always start by dialing 911 to gain immediate access to emergency services.
Suicide Prevention: The number for the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline is: 800-273-8255. You can also initiate a private live online chat.
Veterans Crisis Line: Dial the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 800-273-8255 and press “1” to talk to someone immediately. You can also access help with a private online chat or text 838255.
Here are two ways to find a provider of mental health treatment in Maine:
Maine Department of Health and Human Services: The DHHS website has a section dedicated to helping the general public with mental health concerns and a special section devoted to mental health programs for youth.
NAMI Maine: The Maine page of the NAMI website has a section dedicated to adolescent mental health, as well as a section on mental health concerns and information for veterans and active-duty military members.
Individuals who have both substance use and mental health disorders may benefit from dual-diagnosis rehab facilities. Use the appropriate filter in our tool above to find rehabilitation centers with treatment programs designed to meet the unique challenge posed by co-occurring substance use and mental health disorders.
Substance abuse aftercare treatment is often overlooked, but it’s one of the most crucial steps in the rehabilitation process. The chances of relapsing after rehab dramatically rise for individuals who try to resume their lives without pursuing further treatment in an aftercare setting. Several different types of aftercare are available for recovering addicts, including follow-up visits for continued therapy, group therapy, and sober living homes. Research shows that long-term participation in aftercare activities dramatically improves the outcome of rehabilitation efforts.
12-Step Addiction Meetings in Maine
Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) designed the 12-step process for individuals recovering from alcohol addiction, and today there are many other 12-step programs for other addictions and issues – Narcotics Anonymous (NA) being just one example.
Contact the appropriate local organization to find an AA or NA meeting near you
The tool below lists the contact information for local organizations that will connect you to Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) or Narcotics Anonymous (NA) meetings near you. Since meeting times and locations change periodically, contact the local groups that coordinate the meetings to ensure that the information is up to date.
Sober living homes (also referred to as recovery residences) are group homes that help recovering addicts transition from treatment facilities to living independently while maintaining their sobriety. These homes can be especially beneficial for individuals who don’t have a supportive and positive environment in which to live after leaving a rehabilitation facility.
Residents of sober living homes can stay from a few months to several years, as long as they follow house rules and avoid relapse, as these homes typically have a zero-tolerance drug and alcohol policy. Additionally, residents are expected to complete chores, attend mutual support groups, and pay an equal share of the cost of renting the home.
Some sober living homes are listed in our database, and you can find them by using the appropriate filter in our tool above. You can also check out our guide on sober living homes to learn more about them and to find a certified recovery residence near you.
The following table illustrates the annual estimates of substance abuse among residents of Maine between 2016 and 2017, in addition to the percentage of the Maine population and the U.S. population that those estimates represent.
Annual Estimates for Substance Abuse in Maine, 2016-2017
* ‘Alcohol’ refers to an Alcohol Use Disorder. The numbers reflected in the table above are not the number of individuals who use alcohol, but rather those who have an AUD, defined as meeting the criteria for alcohol dependence.
* ‘Prescription opioid’ refers to a Pain Reliever Use Disorder. The numbers reflected in the table above are not the number of individuals who use or even occasionally misuse a prescription opioid, but rather those who have a PRUD, defined as meeting the criteria for illicit drug dependence.
of Maine deaths are caused by drugs and alcohol
of U.S. deaths are caused by drugs and alcohol
The following table shows the number of deaths involving drugs and alcohol in Maine between 2008 and 2017. The corresponding graph illustrates the percentage of deaths due to drugs and alcohol in Maine compared to the national average.
Drug- and Alcohol-Induced Deaths in Maine, 2008-2017
When trying to understand substance abuse issues in a specific area, researchers and policymakers examine “key indicators.” Combined with usage statistics, key indicators can provide a deep level of insight into which substances present the most serious concerns and which demographics can be most impacted by substance abuse. Key indicators of substance abuse issues within the state of Maine, along with recent, credible statistics, are examined below.
Over 200,000 Mainers suffer from mental illness every year
As discussed earlier in this guide, there is a strong link between substance use disorders and mental health disorders. When an individual is afflicted with both of these issues at the same time, health professionals refer to it as co-occurring substance use and mental health disorders or a “dual diagnosis.” Consequently, the prevalence of mental health issues in a given state can also help us to understand the level of substance abuse.
of Maine adults had a serious mental illness
of Maine adolescents had a major depressive episode
Between 2013 and 2017, 5.2% of Maine adults were afflicted with a serious mental illness, compared to 4.2% nationally. Among Maine adolescents, 14.5% of individuals aged 12-17 suffered a major depressive episode in the past year, compared to a national average of 12.1%.
The table below sheds some light on the prevalence of mental health issues in Maine.
Mental Health Issues in Maine by Age and Percentage of Population, 2016-2017
Suicide rates in Maine are significantly higher than the national average
The Centers for Disease Control reports that suicide is the leading cause of death in the United States. The suicide rate has risen in nearly every state from 1999 to 2016, with that rate increasing by more than 30% in half of all 50 states since 1999. Suicide is an act that is often linked to substance abuse. According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, substance abuse is a primary risk factor for both adults and adolescents who attempt and/or complete suicide, and this is particularly true for at-risk populations.
Furthermore, the relationship between substance abuse and suicide is multi-faceted and complex. Persons who have substance abuse issues typically also carry other risk factors for suicide, including depression, impulsive behavior, and other struggles with relationships, finances, illness, or unemployment that make them more likely to engage in self-harm. Between 1999 and 2016, Maine witnessed a 27.4% increase in the number of suicides. In 2017, Maine ranked 17th in the country for the number of suicides per 100,000 residents.
Suicides and Suicide Rates in Maine and the United States, 2017
Maine has a slightly lower opioid prescribing rate than the overall U.S. rate
Prescription drug abuse – particularly in the form of opioids – has become an epidemic in the United States. While it is difficult to estimate how many individuals use these drugs as prescribed and how many abuse them, the Centers for Disease Control has researched the variation in opioid prescriptions between states, establishing a direct connection between an increased level of opioid prescriptions with a greater potential for dependence and abuse. Across the United States in 2017, 191 million prescriptions for opioids were written by physicians, ultimately leading one in four patients who begins long-term opioid therapy to an addiction.
opioid prescriptions per 100 Maine residents, 2017
opioid prescriptions per 100 U.S. residents, 2017
After peaking in 2012, the U.S. opioid prescribing rate has been on a steady decline for the last several years due to the explosion of the opioid epidemic and the recognition of the role that excessive opioid prescriptions have played in this epidemic. Between 2013 and 2017, the opioid prescribing rate in the United States dropped from 78.1 prescriptions per 100 residents to 58.7 prescriptions per 100 residents, a decrease of 24.84%. The opioid prescribing rate in Maine was predominantly higher than the U.S. prescribing rate during that time period, from 85.9 prescriptions per 100 residents in 2013 to 55.7 prescriptions per 100 residents in 2017, revealing a steep decrease of 35.16% that dropped the prescribing rate in Maine below the U.S. rate in 2017.
Maine and U.S. Opioid Prescribing Rates, 2013-2017
The rate of homelessness in Maine is above the national average
A high rate of homelessness in an area indicates a greater potential for substance abuse issues. Homelessness has been shown to be linked to substance abuse as both a cause and a result; some individuals become homeless due to a substance use disorder, while other individuals who are already homeless frequently turn to substance use to dull the pain and desperation of their situation.
The 2018 Department of Housing and Urban Development’s (HUD) Point-in-Time Count reported approximately 552,830 homeless individuals in the United States, the equivalent of 17 of every 10,000 U.S. residents. This number represents a decrease of 4.1% since 2014 when the number of homeless persons in the U.S. was around 576,450. Furthermore, homelessness across the United States has decreased by 15% since 2007, the year that HUD began collecting data on the homeless population.
of every 10,000 Maine residents were homeless, 2018
of every 10,000 U.S. residents were homeless, 2018
By comparison, Maine had approximately 2,516 homeless persons in 2018, equating to 18.8 of every 10,000 Maine residents, which is above the national average. This number reveals a 7.7% decrease since 2014 when 2,726 homeless persons lived in Maine.
V. Regional Substance Abuse Statistics & Rehabs
The following sections provide a deeper look at the substance abuse problem in Maine by examining the drug- and alcohol-related death rates in the three most populous cities. Additionally, the three highest-rated rehabilitation centers in each city are listed.
The three highest-rated rehabilitation centers in Portland are listed in the table below, along with each institution’s performance based on our core metrics.
Drug- and alcohol-induced deaths are lower in Portland than across Maine
of Portland deaths are caused by drugs and alcohol
of Maine deaths are caused by drugs and alcohol
Between 2008 and 2017, there were 3,560 deaths induced by drugs and/or alcohol in Cumberland County, in which both Portland is located. This number represented 12.42% of the total number of deaths among all ages during the same time period in the county and was over a full percentage point lower than the state average of 13.8%. Of the three most populous Maine cities, Portland-South Portland’s death rate ranked lowest in the group.
Drug- and Alcohol-Induced Deaths in Cumberland County, 2008-2017
Lewiston-Auburn’s rate of drug- and alcohol-induced deaths is nearly identical to the state average
of Lewiston-Auburn deaths are caused by drugs and alcohol
of Maine deaths are caused by drugs and alcohol
Lewiston and Auburn are located in Androscoggin County, which had a drug- and alcohol-induced death rate of 13.83% between 2008 and 2017. This percentage was almost identical to the state average of 13.8% during the same time period. Among the three most populous cities in Maine, Lewiston-Auburn’s death rate fell in the middle.
Drug- and Alcohol-Induced Deaths in Androscoggin County, 2008-2017
Deaths due to drugs and alcohol in Bangor are significantly higher than the average rate across Maine
of Bangor deaths are caused by drugs and alcohol
of Maine deaths are caused by drugs and alcohol
Penobscot County, in which Bangor is located, experienced 2,778 deaths due to drugs and alcohol between 2008 and 2017, representing 15.51% of the total number of deaths in the county during that time period and coming in at over two percentage points higher than the average of 13.8% across all of Maine. Of the three most populous cities in the state, Bangor ranked the highest for these types of deaths.
Drug- and Alcohol-Induced Deaths in Penobscot County, 2008-2017
Substance abuse treatment is available in Maine for anyone who needs help beating an addiction – you don’t have to struggle alone. To receive assistance, start by determining your insurance coverage and by contacting your regional treatment facility. You can also use our tool earlier in this guide to locate a treatment center near you. Remember, many low-cost rehabilitation centers can help if you don’t have insurance coverage or feel like you are unable to afford treatment.